Counting in Wiyot

Scroll through the list below to learn about Wiyot counting and number words!

NOTE: The pronunciations given in the "Wiyot" column are either those for which archival audio is available (click the audio player widgets to hear these words), or which are best supported by the language data available. Often there are many alternative pronunciations recorded, which usually differ only slightly from the pronunciation given at left; these are listed in the right-hand column. Numbers given after each pronunciation below refer to the source materials where it is found; the list of sources is provided at the bottom of this page.

English

Wiyot

Alternative pronunciations & notes

1 (one)

goutsurr 5,15

Pronounced by Della Prince and Nettie Rossig:


2 (two)

rri'durr 5,15

Pronounced by Della Prince and Nettie Rossig:


3 (three)

rrikurr 5,15

Pronounced by Della Prince and Nettie Rossig:


4 (four)

rriya'wurr 5,15

Pronounced by Della Prince and Nettie Rossig:

Also pronounced rriyawurr 10

5 (five)

we'sagh hulurr (full form) 9,13

we'sagh (short form) 5,15

Pronounced by Della Prince and Nettie Rossig:

Also pronounced:
  • wesugh 1
  • wesagh 1,2,8,10
  • we'sugh, we'sugh he'lurr, wi'sugh, we'sa' 9

6 (six)

duklhulouk hulurr (full form) 5,15

duklhulouk (short form) 2,5,15

Pronounced by Della Prince and Nettie Rossig:

Also pronounced:
  • deklhelouk, daklhilouk 1
  • deklhilouk 1,7
  • daklhalouk / daklhalouk halarr 6
  • daklhilouk elel 7
  • duklhelouk, duklhalouk, daklhelouk 9

7 (seven)

ha'luw hulurr (full form) 10,11

ha'luw (short form) 11,13,15,18,19

Pronounced by Della Prince:

Also pronounced:
  • al, halaw 1
  • ha'law 2,6
  • halou welel 7
  • halou 8
  • halouk, ha'lou' 9
  • ha'lu'w 10
  • haluw 18

8 (eight)

hiwi'duw hulurr (full form) 10

hiwi'duw (short form) 4,14,15,16

Pronounced by Della Prince:

Also pronounced:
  • hiwit, hiwidaw 1
  • hiyiwidaw 2
  • hiwi'daw 5,10
  • hiyouwida / hiyouwida helel 6
  • youwida, iwidouy, iwiduw 7
  • hiwi'dou', hiwidaw' 8
  • hi'widaw 10
  • hiwiduw 14
  • hiyuwi'duw 14,15

9 (nine)

vushurouk hulurr (full form) 10,11,16

vushurouk (short form) 11,13,15,16,17,19

Pronounced by Della Prince:

Also pronounced:
  • mesirouk, wesirouk 1
  • vusurouk 2
  • masharouk, mashurouk 6
  • mesherouk, mesherouk welel 7
  • pursurou'k, beserouk, musurouk 8
  • musherouk, vusherouk 9

10 (ten)

rrulouk hulurr (full form) 4,11,13,16,17,19

rrulouk (short form) 4,11,16,18,19

Pronounced by Della Prince:

Also pronounced:
  • rrilouk 1
  • rrelouk 1,6,8,9
  • rrelouk halarr 6
  • rrulouk helel 7
  • lelou'k 8
  • delouk, doulouk 9

List of source materials for number vocabulary:

  1. Curtin, Jeremiah. 1889. Vocabulary. Manuscripts 1455/Patawat & 1457/Kowihl (Wishoskan), National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution. (consultant(s): unknown)
  2. Curtis, Edward. 1924. The North American Indian, vol. 13, pp. 263-272
  3. Denman, Weaver (consultant); Bright, William (researcher). 1951. Wordlist: people, body parts, animals. California Language Archive. LA 19.001, http://cla.berkeley.edu/item/16450
  4. Fletcher, Stuart (researcher); Teeter, Karl V. (researcher); Prince, Della (consultant). 1954. Elicitation of numbers. California Language Archive. LA 23.009, http://cla.berkeley.edu/item/16460
  5. Fletcher, Stuart (researcher); Teeter, Karl V. (researcher); Rossig, Nettie (consultant). 1956. Elicitation of miscellaneous words and phrases. Includes words for berries and animals. California Language Archive. LA 23.002, http://cla.berkeley.edu/item/16453
  6. Harrington, John Peabody. 1926, 1942. John Peabody Harrington Papers: Wiyot/Yurok/Mattole. Microfilm, Smithsonian National Anthropological Archives. Harrington 690510-001 part 2 (consultants: Amos Riley, Birdie James, Theo Prince)
  7. Kroeber, Alfred L. 1911. The Languages of the Coast of California North of San Francisco. University of California Publications in American Archaeology and Ethnology 9(3):273-435.(consultants: unknown)
  8. Merriam, C. Hart. ca. 1910-1924. Vocabularies of North American Indians (this citation is incomplete). (consultants: unknown)
  9. Reichard, Gladys A. 1922. Gladys Reichard field notebooks on Wiyot Indians, BANC MSS 2004/111 c, The Bancroft Library, University of California, Berkeley. (consultants: Della Prince; Jane Duncan Searson; Miranda Berry; Jerry James; Winnie (?) Buckley; Amos Riley; Elsie Barto(w); Birdie James)
  10. Reichard, Gladys A. 1925. Wiyot Grammar and Texts. University of California Publications in American Archaeology and Ethnology 22(1):1-215. (consultants: Della Prince; Jane Duncan Searson; Miranda Berry; Jerry James; Winnie (?) Buckley; Amos Riley; Elsie Barto(w); Birdie James)
  11. Teeter, Karl V. 1964. The Wiyot Language. University of California Publications in Linguistics 37.
  12. Teeter, Karl V. (researcher); Prince, Della (consultant). 1954. Elicitation of miscellaneous words and phrases. California Language Archive. LA 23.001, http://cla.berkeley.edu/item/16452
  13. Teeter, Karl V. (researcher); Fletcher, Stuart (researcher); Prince, Della (consultant). 1956. Elicitation of miscellaneous words and phrases. Wordlist arranged by number of syllables. California Language Archive. LA 23.003, http://cla.berkeley.edu/item/16454
  14. Teeter, Karl V. (researcher); Fletcher, Stuart (researcher); Prince, Della (consultant). 1956. Elicitation of minimal and near minimal pairs. California Language Archive. LA 23.007, http://cla.berkeley.edu/item/16458
  15. Teeter, Karl V. (researcher); Fletcher, Stuart (researcher); Prince, Della (consultant). 1954. Elicitation of miscellaneous words and phrases. Includes some body part terms at end. California Language Archive. LA 23.010, http://cla.berkeley.edu/item/16461
  16. Teeter, Karl V. (researcher); Fletcher, Stuart (researcher); Prince, Della (consultant). 1954. Elicitation of miscellaneous words and phrases. Includes some verbs. California Language Archive. LA 23.017, http://cla.berkeley.edu/item/16468
  17. Teeter, Karl V. (researcher); Fletcher, Stuart (researcher); Prince, Della (consultant). 1956. Elicitation of miscellaneous words and phrases. Includes minimal pairs and contrasts. California Language Archive. LA 23.018, http://cla.berkeley.edu/item/16469
  18. Teeter, Karl V. (researcher). [2003 May]. Wiyot fileslips of K.V. Teeter. California Language Archive. (primary consultant: Della Prince)
  19. Teeter, Karl V. (researcher); Prince, Della (consultant). [1958 November 25]. [Wiyot Vocabulary] California Language Archive.